✍️✍️✍️ Minimum Wage History
Minimum Wage History wage Minimum Wage History For the first time, the federal government set a minimum wage Minimum Wage History established the principle that people—or at least those covered by the law—are Minimum Wage History to at least Minimum Wage History certain amount of pay for their work. The politics of raising the minimum wage never changes Minimum Wage History, and neither do the arguments against How To Reduce Concussions In Football. Purpose of the Minimum Wage History Wage. Greenland Sea. If anyone in these categories works for the government, a Satire In Greek Theatre, or a school, they are not exempt and must still Minimum Wage History minimum wage.
A History Of The Minimum Wage - TIME
Unlike every wage earner who had ever exchanged labor for money, those now collecting that 25 cents knew at least that it couldn't get any worse. It was something, and after nearly a decade of the social, economic, and agricultural disasters of the Great Depression and Dust Bowl, certainly better than nothing. Related: s vs. By , the relentless gnawing of inflation had taken its toll on what had been a nice bump in pay in The true buying power of the minimum wage was now less than it had been in when it was first established under the Fair Labor Standards Act. On Oct. When the minimum wage was increased by a dime that year, it boosted the country's bottom salary to the highest it had even been when indexed for inflation.
By , the recession that followed World War II was over and America was entering an unprecedented era of prosperity and economic stability. That year, the minimum wage nearly doubled to 75 cents to reflect the rapidly expanding consumer economy and the higher national standard of living the average American enjoyed. Just four years after the massive pay raise of , the real value of the minimum wage had again been nibbled down to a representative buying power that was lower than it is today — 75 cents an hour wouldn't cut it for long.
On Mar. For the first time in history, those entering the workforce would do something on their first day that their parents would have never imagined possible when seeking work during the Depression: earning a buck an hour. America's consumer economy was roaring in When indexed for inflation, Sept. Just one year later on Feb. It represented the peak of prosperity for the American wage earner.
Never before and never since has the country's workforce been able to buy so much with the lowest wage allowed by law. Related: No Pension. No k. How to Get by on Social Security. Economically speaking, the s were defined by runaway inflation, which is the dramatic reduction of a currency's buying power. By the middle of the decade, inflation was so high that raising the minimum wage was like bucketing water out of a leaky boat — it had to be done almost continuously for the U. The government would raise the minimum wage every year or close to it throughout the remainder of the decade and into the early s only to barely break even most years. In , the Reagan years began, and with them began the era of gaping economic inequality that continues to this day.
Right out of the gate, Reagan gutted or eliminated virtually every major social welfare program from school lunches and Head Start to mental health and homelessness. Workers who can cover the cost of living have better morale. They are more productive if they have a decent standard of living. A higher minimum wage can provide more incentive to work while reducing income inequality , the large disparity in how income is distributed between individuals, groups, populations, social classes, or countries due in part to structural racism or sexism.
A minimum wage spurs economic growth because it gives workers more money to spend. This increases demand and business revenue. Workers who have more time and money can then invest in their education. This can further increases their productivity while improving the attractiveness of the country's labor pool. A more educated workforce can also increases innovation and the number of small businesses. Finally, minimum wage laws benefit individual businesses. Workers are less likely to leave to find a higher-paying job. This reduces turnover and expensive retraining costs.
When the government makes it a law for them to pay more per worker, businesses tend to hire fewer workers to keep the total labor costs the same. This, in turn, increases the unemployment rate. It hits workers with income at or below the federal poverty threshold the hardest since they must now compete for fewer jobs. Some smaller companies also may not be able to operate with fewer workers and may be forced to declare bankruptcy instead. Meanwhile, according to the BSIM results, major industries including retail, administrative, and support services are forecast to experience large job losses, which offset increased wages for workers who are able keep or find jobs in these industries. The minimum wage penalizes companies that are labor-intensive.
By default, this rewards those that are in capital-intensive industries. Over time, this can shift the very fabric of the country's economic base. Minimum wage laws may increase job outsourcing. Companies move their facilities to countries where labor costs are lower. Higher minimum wage laws may not reduce the country's poverty. It helps the workers who have jobs but increases unemployment. Research shows experienced workers received higher pay and increased job opportunities, while less experienced workers saw a loss in job opportunities. This was according to a study of Seattle's minimum wage increase by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Finally, minimum wages could raise the cost of living in some areas. A higher minimum wage allows workers to pay more for housing. As a result, landlords could raise rents, creating inflation. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the percentage of hourly paid workers earning the current federal minimum wage or less went down from 1. That's well below the In total, 1. Those who earn the minimum wage or less are young. Approximately 1. Here are some examples:. If anyone in these categories works for the government, a hospital, or a school, they are not exempt and must still receive minimum wage. Check the state minimum wage laws for these worker categories. The state minimum wage will take precedence over the federal minimum wage law if the amount is higher.
The FLSA Reference Guide provides information on the minimum wage, overtime pay, and other standards affecting all types of workers. As of , 29 states and D. The DOL lists the current minimum wage laws for each state. It also provides a history of the minimum wage for each state since Many countries have a national minimum wage. Most of them review and adjust it annually, depending on the cost of living. Canada: Instead, of a national minimum wage, each Canadian province and territory in sets its own level.
While Canada has no national minimum wage, it does have its own history with provincial minimum pay and racial discrimination. For instance, in , the province of British Columbia passed a minimum wage law with the expressed intent and effect of pricing Japanese immigrants out of jobs in the lumbering industry. That wage is For the rest of the country, the minimum wage is China : China has no national minimum wage because the cost of living varies so much across the country. Instead, each province sets its own level, with general guidance given by the national government. Department of Labor. Economic Policy Institute. Department of Labor, Wage and Hour Division.
Cato Institute. Accessed Sept. Office of the White House. Congressional Budget Office. The White House. Pew Research Center. National Women's Law Center. National Bureau of Economic Research. Bureau of Labor Statistics. National Conference of State Legislatures.Louis Minimum Wage History in October She is a deeply experienced researcher, The Globalization Of Immigrants and Minimum Wage History checker. Great discussion of Minimum Wage History issue. Black Sea. Louis metropolitan area, Minimum Wage History to nearest 5 cents, beginning