✍️✍️✍️ Who Is John Adams A Hero

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Who Is John Adams A Hero

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Complete John Adams (Parts 1-3) - History Cartoons

Garst and Nelson have debated the merits of their divergent research conclusions. The tale of John Henry has been used as a symbol in many cultural movements, including labor movements [16] and the Civil Rights Movement. John Henry is a symbol of physical strength and endurance, of exploited labor, of the dignity of a human being against the degradations of the machine age, and of racial pride and solidarity. In the film Basquiat , the story of John Henry was told to Basquiat by his friend Benny as words of wisdom. In , it was announced that Dwayne Johnson would portray the character in a Netflix film, John Henry and the Statesmen.

Development on the film has been delayed due to controversy over Johnson casting himself as the lead, with John Henry being a dark skinned black man. In , Terry Crews played a modern-day adaptation of the legend in John Henry , in which he plays a former gang member who takes in two young teens who are on the run from his former gang leader, played by Ludacris. The film was released by Saban Films. In , animator George Pal adapted the tale of John Henry into a short film titled John Henry and the Inky-Poo as part of his theatrical stop-motion Puppetoons series.

The short is considered a milestone in American cinema as one of the first films to have a positive view of African-American folklore. Directed by Mark Henn , plans for theatrical releases in and fell through after having a limited Academy Award qualifying run in Los Angeles, [25] a shorter version was released as the only new entry in direct-to-video release, Disney's American Legends It was eventually released in its original format as an interstitial on the Disney Channel , and later as part of the home video compilation Walt Disney Animation Studios Short Films Collection in The Patty Gadget , is a reference to the story of John Henry. Duvall served as the series' creator, presenter, narrator, and executive producer. John Henry was mentioned in the season 7 premiere of Cheers.

On the adult swim series, Saul of the Mole Men, John Henry played by Tommy "Tiny" Lister has been living at the centre of the Earth since his victory over the steam drill, having become a cyborg at sometime in the intervening centuries. He befriends and later sacrifices himself to save protagonist Saul Malone. John Henry is also referenced in episode 4 of season 6 of the television show How I Met Your Mother , his legend briefly told through Marshall's song.

In the season 3 finale Kimmy Bites an Onion! Like the legend, Kimmy gives her all to beat the robot and in doing so, effectively sacrifices her life. In the Gravity Falls season 2 episode "The Golf War", an anthropomorphic golf ball named "Big Henry" undertakes the task of pushing a golf ball through a cave which has experienced a gas leak, as the only person who is strong enough to perform such a task. Once he reaches the other side and delivers the ball to its destination, he collapses due to gas inhalation.

The story of John Henry is traditionally told through two types of songs: ballads , commonly called "The Ballad of John Henry", and " hammer songs " a type of work song , each with wide-ranging and varying lyrics. The well-known narrative ballad of "John Henry" is usually sung in an upbeat tempo. Hammer songs associated with the "John Henry" ballad, however, are not.

Men who violated the stint were shunned Here was a song that told you what happened to men who worked too fast: they died ugly deaths; their entrails fell on the ground. You sang the song slowly, you worked slowly, you guarded your life, or you died. There is some controversy among scholars over which came first, the ballad or the hammer songs. Some scholars have suggested that the "John Henry" ballad grew out of the hammer songs, while others believe that the two were always entirely separate. Songs featuring the story of John Henry have been recorded by many musical artists and bands of different ethnic backgrounds. These include:. The story also inspired the Aaron Copland 's orchestral composition "John Henry" , revised , the chamber music piece Come Down Heavy by Evan Chambers and the chamber music piece Steel Hammer by the composer Julia Wolfe.

The American cowpunk band Nine Pound Hammer is named after the traditional description of the hammer John Henry wielded. Henry is the subject of the Roark Bradford novel John Henry , illustrated by noted woodcut artist J. The novel was adapted into a stage musical in , starring Paul Robeson in the title role. Ezra Jack Keats 's John Henry: An American Legend , published in , is a notable picture book chronicling the history of John Henry and portraying him as the "personification of the medieval Everyman who struggles against insurmountable odds and wins.

The textbook titled American Music: A Panorama by Daniel Kingman displays the lyrics of the ballad titled "John Henry", explores its style and relates the history of the hero. For three months, he plagues the Klan in Tennessee. Unfortunately, he was wounded, discovered by a white girl, was caught by the Klan, and was burned alive. Tristan Strong Punches a Hole in the Sky is a juvenile fantasy novel about seventh grader Tristan Strong who travels to another world and encounters black American gods. He appears as a character in Peter Clines ' novel Paradox Bound.

John Henry was featured as a fictional character in the video game Wasteland 2. The story is referenced by various NPCs throughout the game and is also available in full as a series of in game books which tell the story of the competition between John Henry and a contingent of robotic workers. In Civilization IV , the quote "Before that steam drill shall beat me down, I'll die with my hammer in my hand. The Big Bend Tunnel is a location of the multiplayer videogame Fallout 76 , set in Appalachia region. The story surrounding the Miner Miracles quest is a reference to John Henry's competition.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Folklore character. For other people with the same name, see John Henry disambiguation. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, providing citations to reliable, secondary sources , rather than simply listing appearances. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. June Archived from the original on 12 July Oxford University Press, US.

ISBN The Devil's Music. Da Capo Press. The New York Times. ISSN Retrieved Modesto Bee and News-Herald. Retrieved 5 September — via Newspapers. Steel drivin' man: John Henry, the untold story of an American legend. Oxford [Oxfordshire]: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 20 July Tributaries: Journal of the Alabama Folklife Association. Long steel rail: the railroad in American folksong. Minister to Holland. John Quincy wrote frequent reports to the State Department detailing the military and diplomatic activities in Europe and warned against U.

Adams' views were so valued that some of his phrases appeared in George Washington's "Farewell Address" of President Washington praised John Quincy Adams as "the most valuable public character we have abroad. When John Adams was elected President in , he appointed his son as U. Minister to Prussia which consisted of portions of present day Germany and Poland. While she was not as strong in spirit as Abigail Adams, Louisa brought other qualities to her marriage that made her an ideal partner for John Quincy Adams. The future First Lady's charm and warmth endeared her to all she met, and offset John Quincy's cold and serious manner. The affirmation of Louisa Catherine's popularity as First Lady was the adjournment of both the Senate and the House of Representatives upon her death in John Quincy Adams and his new bride traveled to Prussia after their wedding in Before Adams started his duties as U.

Minister, he took his wife on a trip through part of Prussia called Silesia today part of Poland. The countryside in this region reminded John Quincy of his home far away in Braintree and Louisa received her first glimpse of what the terrain in Massachusetts was like. After this brief trip John Quincy set out to improve relations between the U. In order to achieve this objective, Adams worked hard to master the German language, the native tongue of Prussia, and he translated a number of articles from German to English to perfect his ability. Fluency in Prussia's native language made John Quincy's diplomatic work easier and he successfully concluded a Treaty of Amity and Commerce in Prussia's capital city of Berlin in John Quincy arrived in Massachusetts in and the next year was elected to the Massachusetts Senate.

In the Massachusetts legislature elected him as a member of the United States Senate. John Quincy Adams up to this time was commonly regarded as a member of the Federalist Party, but he found its general policy less and less appealing. Moreover, he was frowned upon as the son of John Adams by the followers of Alexander Hamilton and the other strident Federalists. Actually, John Quincy Adams was never a strict party man.

Ever aspiring to higher public service, he considered himself "a man of my whole country. Senator, Adams approved the Louisiana Purchase , refused to take a pro-British stance as the Napoleonic Wars reached their climax, and increasingly aligned himself with the policies of Thomas Jefferson's Secretary of State, James Madison. John Quincy's adherence to his own principles in supporting President Jefferson's Embargo Act , at once gained him the gratitude of the Republican Party, the bitter hostility of the Federalists; and years later - a place in John F. Kennedy's book, Profiles in Courage. Although Adams understood that the Embargo was extremely unpopular in New England because of its harmful effect on the region's economy, he bravely supported the measure because he felt it was the best method to gain British respect of American maritime rights.

Adams' devotion to the nation's interest made him an easy target for sectionalist politicians in Massachusetts, who conspired to oust the young Senator at the next election. John Quincy's successor was chosen on June 3, , several months before the usual time for electing a senator for the next term, and five days later Adams resigned. In the same year he attended the Republican congressional caucus, which nominated James Madison for the presidency, and thus loosely allied himself with the Republican Party.

From to Adams was Boylston professor of rhetoric and oratory at Harvard College. Adams arrived in Russia's capitol city of St. Petersburg at the time when Tsar Alexander broke off his alliance with Napoleon. John Quincy therefore met with a favorable reception and was told by Alexander that Russia would do all in its power to further the interests of U. The Tsar fulfilled his promise and with the hard work of Adams the United States soon surpassed England as Russia's leading trading partner. From his vantage point in St. On the outbreak of war between England and the United States in , John Quincy became involved in efforts to negotiate an end to hostilities. That September, the Russian government suggested that Tsar Alexander was willing to act as mediator between the two belligerents.

While England refused the Russian mediation offer, they eventually entered into direct negotiations with the United States. John Quincy Adams was one of the U. The French Emperor was ultimately defeated at Waterloo. Calhoun, and Secretary of the Treasury William H. Calhoun put himself out of the running by accepting the nomination for the vice presidency. Of the other four, Jackson received 99 electoral votes for the presidency, Adams 84, Crawford 41, and Clay 37; because no one had a majority, the decision was made by the House of Representatives, which was confined in its choice to the three candidates that had received the most votes. Clay, who preferred Adams to Jackson, cast his influence for the former Secretary of State, whose election was thereby secured on the first ballot.

A few days later Adams offered Clay the office of Secretary of State, which was accepted. The charge of "bargain and corruption" followed and a feud was created between Adams and Jackson that both Adams and Clay denied. Adams and Clay were generally aligned in their more nationalistic views, as opposed to the states' rights stand of other candidates, and each regarded the other as an able and distinguished public servant. Clay thought Adams infinitely more qualified to be president than Jackson, and Adams believed Clay would be an excellent secretary of state.

Nevertheless, the charges of a corrupt bargain persisted, and Jackson's supporters began immediately to oppose Adams in every way possible, looking forward to the election. As a result John Quincy Adams entered the White House with severe and debilitating political liabilities. As John Quincy Adams assumed office he acknowledged to the American people that he was "less possessed of your confidence in advance than any of my predecessors," but he promised to make up for this with "intentions upright and pure, a heart devoted to the welfare of our country, and the unceasing application of all the faculties allotted to me to her service. In particular, the president recommended establishment of a national university and national naval academy to help train the wise and patriotic leadership he thought the country needed.

Adams also advocated an extensive system of internal improvements mostly canals and turnpikes to be paid for out of increasing revenues from western land sales and a continuing tariff on imports. He called too for the establishment of a uniform system of weights and measures and the improvement of the patent system, both to promote science and to encourage a spirit of enterprise and invention in the United States. In a further effort to support science and spread its benefits to the nation and to the world, Adams advocated not only an extensive survey of the nation's own coasts, land and resources but also American participation in worldwide efforts for "the common improvement of the species.

While today we may view President John Quincy Adams' plans for the United States as far- sighted, they were perhaps over ambitious and unrealistic for 's America. His proposals were greeted with scorn and derision, regarded as efforts to enlarge the power under his control and to create a national elite that would neglect the common people and destroy the vitality of state and local governments. Personal tragedy compounded John Quincy's political woes when on July fourth, , the fiftieth anniversary of the formal adoption of the Declaration of Independence, his father died.

The death of his father, always his staunchest political and personal ally, left Adams more isolated than ever. It was unfortunate that at this time John Quincy faced his greatest challenges politically, because his Jacksonian enemies had won control of both Houses of Congress in the election of Appropriations for internal improvements fell far short of the amount that President Adams requested from Congress. A new tariff, enacted in , sponsored by both Administration and anti-Administration congressmen from the Middle and Western states, was not the useful and fair measure that Adams had intended it to be.

The bill was poorly drawn, and because of its concessions to the extreme protectionists the Southern cotton interest called it the "tariff of abominations. As his presidential term progressed, John Quincy Adams' best intentions for the improvement of his nation seemed to always meet with failure. He refused to sign a fraudulent Indian treaty by which the Creeks were to be removed from all their lands in Georgia. But his scrupulous concern for the rights of Native Americans irritated both Southerners and Westerners. Even in foreign affairs, despite John Quincy's vast experience, the Administration failed to achieve its goals. Adams also failed to persuade the British to open their West Indian islands to U. At home, while his foes continued their relentless attack, John Quincy Adams further weakened his position by spurning the role of party leader and refusing to use the patronage weapon in his own defense.

Adams was, in fact, the last of the Presidents to look upon parties as an evil and to adhere to the eighteenth-century ideal of a national consensus with himself as its spokesman. While John Quincy Adams was adverse to party politics, Jacksonian partisans articulated and brought into existence a new, positive idea of political party. They saw political parties as manifestations of the needs and interests of the people of a free society. The job of the party and its leaders was to accept, enlarge, and fulfill the aspirations of the multitude of factions and mold them into a political instrument that could gain national power. Under this new ideology of party, Martin Van Buren organized the Democratic Party around the objective of electing Andrew Jackson president in In contrast to President Adams who regarded "politicking" as beneath the dignity of the office, Jackson's supporters organized and gathered their forces in order to win the election.

By mid the campaign became increasingly hostile, and it was clear that the tide was running strongly for the Jacksonians. Supporters on both sides tried to use the press to circulate scandalous stories about the opposition candidate in hopes of getting their man elected. New England, and some of the Mid-Atlantic States, remained loyal to Adams, but the Jacksonians used their superior organization to capitalize on the burgeoning sectional and democratic trends of the country.

When the returns were in, Jackson had gained a to 83 victory in the electoral college and had a , - , margin in the popular vote. The John Quincy Adams presidency, then, somewhat like that of his father, ended in frustration and a sense of having lost a vital battle to new, and to the Adamses, unwelcome political forces. The tragedy of this loss was compounded soon after the election by the death of John Quincy's oldest son, George Washington Adams. Virtually penniless, grieving over the death of his son, and believing his political career to be over, Adams retired to Quincy to seek solace in his garden and his books.

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